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Final Exam Study Guide



Part I—Literary Terms

You will have to match some of the literary terms we have studied with the appropriate definitions.  A good way to study these terms is with flash cards.  You will have to make you own out of 3 x 5 index cards, but you will be able to take them with you everywhere you go and learn a few at a time.


¨        Terms

Alliteration, Allusion, Analogy, Apostrophe, Assonance, Atmosphere, Catalog, Charged Words, Conceit, Conflict, Connotation, Consonance, Denotation, Diction, Dramatic Monologue, Elegy, End Rhyme, Epitaph, Exact Rhyme, Extended Metaphor, Figure of Speech, Foreshadowing, Free Verse, Idyll, Imagery, Internal Rhyme, Irony, Leitmotif, Metaphor, Meter, Mood, Paradox, Parody, Parallel Structure, Personification, Persuasion, Point of View, Refrain, Rhythm, Satire, Setting, Simile, Simile, Slant Rhyme, Stock Character, Stream of Conscience, Style, Symbol, Theme, Tone, walter mitty


Part II—Literary Units

You can find all the answers in the notes from the year.  If you have lost some of your notes, check out my web site  You can find all the background notes, which is where the questions are coming from, on that site.



1.           The purposes for writing in the Colonial period

2.           The types of writing in the Colonial period

3.           The purposes for writing in the Revolutionary period

4.           The types of writing in the Revolutionary period

5.           Define Romanticism

6.           Define Realism

7.           Define Naturalism

8.           Define Classicism

9.           Define Enlightenment

10.       Define Rationalism

11.       Define Transcendentalism

12.       Define Symbolism as a literary movement

13.       Define Imagism

14.       What did the Olde Deluder Law state?

15.       Who were the two types of early settlers and where did each type settle?

16.       Give the ideals versus realities of the Colonial period.

17.       List the characteristics of the Enlightenment.

18.       Give two alternate names for the Revolutionary period.

19.       Give the characteristics of the Early Romantic period.

20.       What is another name for the Early Romantic period?

21.       List the Fireside Poets

22.       List the Brahmin Poets and why did they call themselves this.

23.       What is another name for the Later Romantic period?

24.       List the purposes for writing during the Later Romantic period.

25.       What were the two major influences on the Later Romantic period?

26.       Give the ideals versus realities of the Later Romantic period.

27.       Give three (3) alternate names for the Civil War period.

28.       List the tenets of the American Dream.

29.       One distinguishing mark of 20th century literature is that it shows __________________ and ______________________.

30.       What is the major theme of Modern literature?

31.       List the two men who had a major impact on Modern literature.

32.       What is another name for the expatriates who left America to live in France?

33.       Why did the expatriate writers leave America?

34.       List the five (5) elements of Modern literature.

35.       List the issues that many Harlem Renaissance artists addressed.

36.       Give the names of two important Harlem Renaissance publications.

37.       During this time, the Harlem Renaissance artists insisted that the African American be accepted as “_____________________________________________________________.”


Part III—Literary works

Be sure to know which author wrote what work (only the works we have studied this nine weeks (4th nine weeks).


“A Wagner Matinee,” “Nothing Gold Can Stay,” “Neither Out Far Nor In Deep,” “Bells for John Whiteside’s Daughter,” “Shine, Perishing Republic,” “The Leader of the People,” “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty,” “A Worn Path,” “Richard Cory,” “Miniver Cheevy,” “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” “The Life You Save May Be Your Own,” “The Jilting of Granny Weatherall,” “A Rose for Emily,” “America,” “Incident,” “Harlem,” “The River Merchant’s Wife: A Letter,” “The Red Wheelbarrow,” “Chicago,” “what if a much of a which of a wind,” and “somewhere i have never travelled, gladly beyond”


Part IV—Authors

I will only have 4th nine weeks authors on the exam.  You should have notes for each of these authors.  If you do not have the notes, you can check their background information in the textbook, some background notes will be on my web site (I do not promise that all of the authors will be there, but you are still responsible for them).  You will have questions from each of the authors (like on each of the tests).

Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, Carl Sandburg, Ezra Pound, William Carlos Williams, e. e. cummings, William Faulkner, Eudora Welty, Katherine Anne Porter, Flannery O’Conner, T. S. Eliot, Edwin Arlington, Robert Frost, John Steinbeck, James Thurber, Robinson Jeffers, John Ransom Crowe, Willa Cather


1.      1925—he left three poems near Vachel Lindsay’s plate who was eating dinner in the restaurant where Hughes was a busboy.

2.      An American myth by the time of his death when he was 90

3.      Born and raised in Jamaica

4.      Came in contact with Ezra Pound while studying medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

5.      Charged with treason during WW II and spent years in a psychiatric hospital

6.      Foremost humorist of the 20th century.

7.      Founded a group of “renegade” poets (the Fugitives) from the South, who were determined to emphasize the values of the South.

8.      Had a “wise and ironic” view of humanity’s behavior. 

9.      He altered conventional English syntax and made typography and the division of words part of the shape and meaning of the poem.

10.  He championed the virtues of elitism in a age of celebration of the common person

11.  He had a “dark vision of the limited life of human beings.”

12.  He himself built a stone tower that he used for a retreat and for a writing studio.

13.  He inherited money from his uncle, which enabled him to pursue his writing and provide for his family.

14.  He often combines the tones of tenderness and detachment in his poetry.

15.  He saw himself primarily as a lyric poet in the Romantic tradition, not as a black poet writing about social and racial themes.  However, he did find himself repeatedly drawn to such themes.

16.  His most characteristic voice is the vernacular (slang, street talk, and the common speech of clichés and plain expressions).

17.   His sonnets voice his ambivalent and often defiant feelings about African American life in the United States.

18.  Honored by two U.S. Senate resolutions.

19.  Many of his poems are heavily influenced by jazz rhythms if not written specifically for jazz accompaniment.

20.  Often writes about sensitive individuals who are restricted by their environment.

21.  Reserved his satire for the “unman” or the unthinking, unfeeling temperament of urban “humans”

22.    Slogan—“Make it new!”

23.  Slogan—“No ideas but in things”

24.  This poet was controversial because he called for black poets to write traditional poetry.

25.  Unhappiness is the theme of his poetry.

26.  Would later go on to evolve his own distinctive style which he called objectivism.