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Final Exam Study Guide



Literary Terms—know the definitions to each of the following terms. Let me encourage each of you to make flashcards of these terms to help you study.

Alliteration, Allusion, Apostrophe, Aside, Assonance, Blank verse, Caesura, Conceit, Consonance, Dialect, Diary, Direct Characterization, Dramatic irony, Dramatic monologue, Elegy, Emotional appeals, Epic, Epic Hero, Epitaph, Extended Metaphor, Foil, Foot, Free Verse, Hyperbole, Imagery, Indirect Characterization, Kenning, Literary ballad, Logical appeals, Lyric poem, Metaphor, Metaphysical Conceit, Meter, Mock epic, Mood, Ode, Paradox, Parody, Pastoral, Personification, Petrarchan Sonnet, Satire, Scansion, Setting, Shakespearean Sonnet, Simile, Situational irony, Soliloquy, Sonnet, Spenserian Sonnet, Sprung Rhythm, Symbol, Synecdoche, Tone, Tragedy, Turn, Understatement, Verbal irony, Wit, Zeugma


Literary Periods and Authors—the following periods and         authors will be on test.  The notes from these items will provide the answers to the questions that follow this section.

The Restoration

Johnathan Swift—“A Modest Proposal”


Alexander Pope—The Rape of the Lock


Samuel Pepys—The Diary of Samuel Pepys


The Romantic Period

William Blake—“The Tyger” and “The Lamb”


William Wordsworth—“Tintern Abbey” and “Ode: Intimations of Immortality”


Samuel Taylor Coleridge—“The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” and “Kubla Khan”


George Gordon, Lord Byron—“She Walks in Beauty”


Percy Bysshe Shelley—“Ozymandias” and “Ode to the West Wind”


The Victorian Era

Alfred, Lord Tennyson—“The Lady of Shalott” and “In Memoriam A.H.H.”


Robert Browning—“My Last Duchess” and “Porphyria’s Lover”


Elizabeth Barrett Browning—“Sonnet 43”


Gerard Manley Hopkins—“Pied Beauty”


Matthew Arnold—“Dover Beach”


“Rudyard Kipling—“The Mark of the Beast”


The Twentieth Century

Ted Hughes—“Hawk Roosting” and “Chaucer”

William Butler Yeats--"The Lake Isle of Innisfree" and "The Wild Swans at Coole"


Dylan Thomas—“Fern Hill,” In my craft or sullen art,” and “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night”

 III.            Questions

A.                 Who published Lyrical Ballads?

B.                 Who developed the idea of the “two Contrary States of the Human Soul”?

C.                Was addicted to opium?

D.                Married the American poet Sylvia Plath?

E.                 Name the two satirists we have studied this semester?  A work by each of them?

F.                 Said that the purpose of poetry is the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.”

G.                Heard the voice of angels.

H.                Made a peer of the realm by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

I.                   Three reasons Tennyson is recognized as a great poet.

J.                   For this poet, poetry was all feeling that produced physical effects: shivers along the spine, tears, and the sensation of being pierced by a spear.

K.                On what two characteristics does the appeal of Robert Browning’s poetry rest?

L.                 This female reformer worked for housing reform?

M.               The purpose of “A Modest Proposal”

N.                A child prodigy who “lisped in numbers” before he could speak English properly.

O.                Kept a secret diary for 9 years.

P.                 His intention in writing was to tell the truth.

Q.                Hughes wrote about nature like the Romantic poets, but for a different purpose.  What was this purpose?

R.                 Define Art Nouveau

S.                 Define Romanticism

T.                 Name the two revolutions that occurred during the Romantic period and briefly tell the effects of the revolution on England.

U.                Give two of the reform bills of the Victorian Age and what the bill corrected.

V.                Define Restoration as a literary term.

W.              Name the two disasters of the Restoration and give their effects on England.

X.                Name two political plots of the Restoration and briefly describe the plots.

Y.                Give an example of a mock epic and what makes it a mock epic.

Z.                 Give an example of a satire and what makes it a satire.

AA.           Give three of the intellectual changes of the 20th century and briefly define each one.

BB.            What was Wordsworth’s approach and purpose in Lyrical Ballads according to the Preface?  Coleridge’s?

 IV.       Be sure you know which author wrote which work and briefly what each work is about.  You will be answering some questions about the content of the literary works we have studied.